In Teotitlan, the dyeing technique is plant-based = 100% biodegradable.
It is a fascinating process, that works like a cooking recipe. One can always find in the workshops, large pots infused with plants, heating on the fire. The artisans use natural raw materials like: cochineal, indigo, nutshells, fruits, flowers and barks of plants, carbon, baking soda and other minerals…
The most extraordinary tones are the reds, obtained by the cochineal, an insect that feeds on the prickly pear or "Nopal". The craftsmen dry them, crush them and use their red powder, which they darken or lighten by adding an acid or a basic. We start with deep reds and end with vibrant oranges, which are revealed in... lemon juice! From a single pigment, some artisans can create up to 28 colors.
The blue color is made from the Indigo plant or "Añil". The leaves are cut, crushed and fermented for 20 days in water in a clay vase, that is placed in full sun. The different shades of yellow are made from the local « Cempazutchil » flower (that blooms during the day of the dead). The shades of coffee color are obtained with walnut shells etc…
Photographie : Céline Gaiardo @www.instagram.com/ateliers_coutume
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